Can Kidney Cysts Cause Kidney Cancer?

All about Kidney Cyst

Reviewed by: Life Blow

Written by: Mr. Pikai

Table of Contents

What is Kidney Cyst:

Kidney cysts are round pouches made of tissue filled with fluids that form inside or on the top of the kidney. Kidney cysts can cause serious disorders that can affect kidney function. Most harmless cysts are called simple kidney cysts. These non-cancer cysts cause compaction in very few cases.

Normally, a cyst is formed on the upper part of the kidney, but in the case of excess cyst, it can affect both or one of the kidneys. Some kidney cysts are so small that they cannot be seen with the help of a microscope. At the same time, the size of some can be as much as a tennis ball. If it becomes large then it starts affecting other organisms as well.

However, a simple kidney cyst is different from a cyst formed in polycystic kidney disease. In polycystic kidney disease, many cysts are formed in the victim’s kidney. Due to which the kidney becomes big and its tissues get damaged. Sometimes, it also becomes the cause of kidney failure. It is not clear what causes simple kidney cysts. Kidney cysts are detected by imaging tests.

Who can be a kidney cyst victim?

Simple kidney cyst discomfort begins with aging. A kidney cyst occurs in people 50 years of age or older. Most people have a kidney cyst in the same kidney, but as the age increases, the likelihood of the cyst in another kidney increases.

Symptoms of Kidney Cyst:

Symptoms of simple kidney cysts are usually not seen. In most cases, the cyst is known only when doctors perform an ultrasound and computerized tomography (CT) to check for another health condition. Some symptoms are seen when the cyst grows or is infected. Which are as follows.

  • fever
  • Backache
  • Ribs and pelvic pain (pain is mild, but it can be severe as the cyst grows).
  • Upper abdominal pain
  • Swelling in abdomen
  • Pass urine more than usual
  • Blood from urine
  • Dark urine
  • Headache

What are the causes of kidney cyst?

Kidney cysts form when the nephron tube starts growing and gets filled with fluid. Researchers are not yet able to find out why this happens, but it is definitely known that it is not an inherited disease. It is believed that simple cysts form due to microscopic blockages that occur in the tubules.

How to diagnose a kidney cyst?

The following tests are done to detect kidney cysts:

Ultrasound: In this technique, high-frequency soundwaves and echoes create the image inside the body to detect issues.

Computed Tomography: X-rays and computers produce images of a cross-section of the body. The iodinated contrast injection of n order is required to separate the fluid-filled cysts in the scan.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Magnets create images inside the radio waves and computer body. Through this test, it is also known whether cysts are filled with fluids or solid mass because they do not require iodized contrast. MRI is used for patients with iodine allergy.

Complications of kidney cysts:

Many times kidney cysts do not cause any type of complication, but there may be some risks. Which are as follows:

  • Infection in the cyst – Kidney cysts may be infected. It causes fever and pain.
  • Cyst burst – A burst of kidney cyst causes a suture pen in the back side.
  • Blockage of urin in the kidney. In addition, urin cysts affect the normal flow, causing inflammation in the kidney.
  • High blood pressure

Is it necessary to monitor a simple kidney cyst?

The type and location of kidney cysts must be evaluated by experts. Often some distinct symptoms are seen, such as wall thickness, fluid density, abnormal areas around the cysts that may be associated with kidney cancer. Urologists use a grading system for cysts called the Bozniak Scoring System. A Higher Bozniak grade indicates the possibility of kidney cancer. The grade 1 vote is benign, not cancer.

How to prevent Kidney Cyst?

Simple kidney cysts cannot be stopped. You can reduce its risk by drinking a lot of water and taking a small amount of sodium. High sodium increases blood pressure, causing long-term kidney disease. Along with this, the problem of PKD (Polycystic Kidney Disease) can further damage the kidney. More than half of the people who suffer from this problem have their kidneys spread at the age of 60.

Kidney cysts treatments:

If the kidney cyst is not the cause of any symptoms and risk, then you do not need any treatment. Simple kidney cysts will not require treatment. Treatment will be required if symptoms appear in rare cases. Your doctor may recommend sclerotherapy or surgery. The process of which is as follows.


In this process, the doctor first punctures the cyst with a long needle. Which is put through the skin. It works by drying the fluid. It takes the help of ultrasound. The doctor inserts a strong solution inside the cyst so that it can be dried. If necessary, the procedure is repeated. In some cases, the cyst returns and is filled with fluid. In such a situation, doctors can perform surgery.

For this, you may be given sleeping medication or anesthesia and the surgery process is started. During the procedure, surgeons insert a thin, lighted tube called a laparoscope. After drying the fluid, the cyst is removed or burnt to reduce the chance of recurrence. For this, the patient will have to stay in the hospital for a day or two. In this way, the entire process is carried out. Kidneys are the most important part of our body, so it is very important to remain healthy.

How to keep your kidney healthy?:

To keep your kidney healthy keep the following things in mind:

  • Regular excercise and physical activities, along with keeping the kidneys active, reduce the risk of acute kidney disease.
  • Keep blood sugar levels under control. High blood sugar level can cause kidney damage.
  • Monitor blood pressure. High blood pressure also damages the kidney.
  • If you want to keep the kidney healthy, then keep the weight balanced. There are many health risks with obesity that can cause kidney damage.
  • Follow healthy diet. Eat fresh things. Make gobi, blueberries, fish, whole grains a part of your meal. These naturally contain less sodium.
  • Drink plenty of water. It helps to keep the kidney healthy. Water helps exclude toxins and sodium from the kidney.
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption and be aware of over the counter medications. Take special care especially when using pen killers. These drugs can cause kidney damage.
  • Frequently do kidney function test.

Read more: These 10 habits are harming your kidneys, change them immediately.

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